Beryl

Category  :  Silicate mineral
Hardness  :  7.5-8
Gravity  :  Average 2.76
Reflection  :  1.56 / 1.57
                  1.60 / 1.60
Color  :  Green, Blue, Yellow, Colorless, Pink & others.
Chemical formula  :  Be3Al2(SiO3)6
Crystal system  :  Hexagonal
Major varieties  :  Emerald, Aquamarine, Morganite, Golden Beryl, Heliodor, Red Beryl Or Bixbite

Beryl of various colors is found most commonly in granitic pegmatites, but also occurs in mica schists in the Ural Mountains, and limestone in Colombia. Beryl is often associated with tin and tungsten ore bodies. Beryl is found in Europe in Norway, Austria, Germany, and Ireland, as well as Brazil, Colombia, Madagascar Sweden (especially morganite), Russia, South Africa, the United States, and Zambia. U.S. beryl locations are in California, Colorado, Idaho, Maine, Connecticut, New Hampshire, North Carolina, South Dakota, and Utah.

Emerald

Emerald improves faculties related to the brain such as memory, communication, intuition, the intellect, and the ability to learn. It is normally petal green or dark green in colour. Emerald is a hot gem. It increases intelligence and brainpower, removes and cures fickle-mindedness, loss of memory, stammering, fear from souls and spirits, cools the harsh speech.

Aquamarine

Aquamarine is a member of the Beryl family of stones as Emerald. Meaning - "sea water" it's not hard to figure out that it derives this name due to it's color being similar to that of the ocean. The color ranges from very light to medium light blue, frequently with a light touch of green. The most desired color is the deeper shade of blue. Aquamarine is often heated to enhance the coloration; this treatment is stable and permanent.

Morganite

The color is usually quite a soft pink without any overtones. The pleochroism is not noticeable. It has glassy luster. The stones are fairly free of inclusions. The step cut is most frequently used. Moraganite is mainly found in pegmatites in the United States, Brazil and Madagascar. Rich colored stones of at least a few carats are among the more valuably secondary gems.

Golden Beryl

The color is yellow, ranging from almost canary to gold. The stones are given a mixed, oval, or sometimes round cut. Inclusions in the form of roughly parallel bundles or narrow tubules may be clearly visible with a lens and can reduce the stone’s transparency and luster. Pale specimens are distinguished only by their physical characteristics from the rare gem quality orthoclase of the same color.

Heliodor

This name, meaning “gift of the sun” has been coined fairly recently for the yellow-green variety of beryl. Its main characteristic is its color, which is the yellow-green of olive oil. They may have the liquid inclusions typical of beryl but are usually quite clear. Collectors value heliodor at least as highly as aquamarine.

Red Beryl Or Bixbite

This is the extremely rare, ruby-red variety of beryl. The name bixbite is, however controversial, due to the fact that it is easily confused with bixbyite, an opaque manganese-iron oxide of no gemological value, occurring likewise in rhyolite in the United States. Bixbite is a strong, almost ruby-red, or violet red, always with numerous inclusions and often, internal flaws.

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